Farnaz on Cultures and Archetypes, Featured, Multicultural Branding and Marketing, New World Trends, New Realities
Last year marked the first year in the US history where majority of children under 9 were non-white (50.8%). And Nielsen reported that multicultural non-whites represented 92% of the population growth in the US between 2000 and 2014. This is clearly transforming the US mainstream, and most telling about our nation’s future economically, socially, and politically. And it’s nothing to fear but lots to celebrate. If it weren’t for the multicultural growth, US economy will face the same challenges many European countries currently face, with declining population. This is not just population growth…it is consumer buying power for economic health….it is future talent, as well as political and social norm. (Click here to see American diversity by generation.)
It is, or at least should be, transforming how marketers and advertiser use culture to connect to existing and future customers. Cultural relevance will be the new branding era in the years to come. Mark my word. Multicultural consumers are empowered and culture-driven, maintaining their cultural heritage while seeing themselves as part of the new mainstream. Nielsen calls this an ambicultural identity—the ability and willingness to function competently in two cultures—simultaneously maintaining cultural heritage while seeing themselves as equally American. (I can personal testify to this, since I am truly ambicultural myself.) More importantly, multicultural consumers over-index on a wide range of products and services. They tend to be younger, trendsetters and tastemakers, expressive and inclusive.
The Nielsen report, The Multicultural Edge: Rising Super Consumers, reports $3.4 trillion multicultural buying power in the US today. Hispanic buying power is projected to be 1.7 trillion in the next four years (by 2019), 1.4 trillion for African Americans and 1 trillion for Asian Americans. The report identifies multicultural Super Consumers, which refer to the top 10% of households who drive at least 30% of sales, 40% of growth and 50% of profits of any consumer product category. And suggests that by understanding the cultural essence that drives multicultural super consumer behavior today, marketers and advertisers can better understand future market trends.
Since they are younger, they comprise a disproportionate share of categories, such as dairy, baby food/diapers, laundry supplies/detergents, school supplies and other family goods. Multicultural consumers gravitate to brands, products and activities that reinforce their cultural roots. Interestingly, these behaviors are affecting the purchase behavior of non-multicultural consumers, too….making many multicultural categories very mainstream, such as hot sauce, tacos, pizza, sushi, soul food, and other once-ethnic foods that have become as ubiquitous as apple pie and hot dogs. (I think we’re headed that way with Korean tacos and Indian somosas.) We’ve been seeing the multicultural influence in music, fashion and sports for years now.
When I speak of multiculturalism, I never exclude Whites….they have and will always be a major part of multicultural consumers and societies. But for statistical purposes, please note that US Census Bureau defines multiculturalism as being composed of several different race categories – Black, American Indian, Pacific Islander, Other, and Two or More Races, including Hispanics (which is an ethnicity, not race). With that in mind, Multicultural consumers are the fastest growing segment of US population, over 120 million strong and increasing by 2.3 million per year. Currently 38% of the population but expected to become the numeric majority by 2044. But interestingly, EthniFacts research showed, based on a series of more dynamic factors such as mixed-race marriages and families, that the tipping point was actually August 2014.
Gone are the days you can look at each ethnic group individually for your brand strategies. Diversity and multiculturalism is so much more blended and dynamic than cultural silos.
Net, net, understanding how purchase patterns and behavior preferences are driven by multicultural values, beliefs and lifestyles is and will be the key to the total market growth in the near future. While each ethnicity and race have their own unique cultural nuances, the key, I believe, is to leverage commonalities in beliefs and values and embrace the inclusion in the new mainstream….understand and embrace the ambicultural essence of this growing population. Google realized this growth opportunity when they reported 66% of digital Hispanics responding to online ads vs. 47% of general market consumers. And, surely, they conducted a study with Ipsos letting everyone know the considerable growth in Spanish language search queries across many industries (retail +210%, telecom +107%, health +80%, skincare +75%, food +70%, autom0tive +65%, beauty +65%). This wasn’t done just to show the role of culture and language online….it was means to celebrate growth for Google in the years to come.
Last month, I wrote a blog about the profit potential of multicultural leadership and company performance. You would think that leaders will, or should, know that their senior team needs to represent The New World Marketplace…. but unfortunately, that isn’t so. Click here to read about how diversity yield to higher financial returns.
Now ask yourself, do you really know who your existing and future customers are? Can you imagine what the future leaders of our nation will look like? Are you ready to forsake your past prejudices and orthodoxies for the sake of growth?
The time is NOW….!!!
Love to hear your thoughts on the comment section below….. and if you like this blog, please click share.
Who do you think of when you hear the word “poor”? There are myriad of reports on economic doom and gloom and rise in poverty in the US, but none that hit the nail on the head with what I call, negating the stereotypes…..
A recent Huffington Post article noted that 4 out of 5 adults struggle with joblessness, near-poverty or reliance on welfare for at least parts of their lives–a sign of deteriorating economic security and an elusive American Dream—driven by an increasingly globalized US economy, the widening gap between rich and poor, and the loss of manufacturing jobs.
Many people think this poverty is skewed toward racial minorities—primarily Blacks and Hispanics—but this is no longer true. The race disparities in the poverty rate have narrowed substantially. While Blacks and Hispanics are still three times more likely to live in poverty, census data reports that by sheer numbers, the predominant face of the poor is white…more than 19 million whites fall below the poverty line of $23,021 for a family of four, or 41% of the population, nearly double the number of poor blacks.
To further negate stereotypes, the same article shows numerous studies that reflect:
- While marriage rates are in decline for all races, for the first time since 1975, the number of white-single-mother households living in the poverty with children surpassed or equaled black ones in the past decade—spurred by job losses and faster rates of out-of-wedlock birth among whites—1.5 million in 2011 comparable to blacks. Hispanic-single-mother families in poverty trailed at 1.2 million.
- The share of white children living in high-poverty neighborhoods is increasing to 17%, up from 13% in 2000, even though the overall population of white children in the US has been declining. The same share of black children dropped to 37% (from 43%) while Latino children went from 38 to 39%.
These shifts have clear indicators as it relates to values, causes and beliefs. These studies show that nonwhite minorities have more optimism about the future while whites (particularly working-class/no-college) have never been so pessimistic. Whether these feelings, beliefs and values are ignited by Obama’s election and re-election, and/or economic hardships, they are reflected in hard facts. And no one can negate the social and cultural changes that are rapidly challenging the status quo.
This puts a different spin for marketers for price/value brands, doesn’t it? And not just in advertising and marketing campaigns, but also in growth strategies with distribution. A different spin for politicians, election campaigns and how we evaluate social policies. A different spin in how we feel about the widening wealth gap between the rich and the poor. A different spin in how we see “us” versus “them”.
Two years ago, I wrote about Middle Class shrinking and the vanishing American Dream. And last year, I wrote a blog “The Emerging Middle Class Culture in America” challenging companies and marketers to avoid broad-stroke depictions of non-white consumers. I defined multiculturalism by a mosaic of different cultures in one platform and a society that is ethnically and culturally diverse. I always reiterate that does not mean excluding whites or implying ethnic minorities only.
As multicultural societies become the new mainstream and new normal, and non-whites approach a numerical majority in the US, expect to see wealth, income and class to become far greater indicators and predictors of behaviors, consumption and lifestyles than race and ethnicity ever were. I think we are in that marketplace now.
That’s not to say that race and ethnicity don’t have any cultural impact on lifestyles. But unless you are selling products and services that cater to a very specific cultural nuance, know that your customers’ needs are driven primarily by their socioeconomic status, not their skin color. So, start marketing to the inside of your customers, not outside. This is not easy to do since most analysis, measurements and ratings are still broken down by age, gender, race, etc. And that’s OK, since the same type analysis is helping us negate our stereotypes. But, as marketers, we must learn to understand and measure customers’ needs that transcend many demographic lines. The first step is to start negating stereotypes and challenging orthodoxies, and finding commonalities. This not only helps your strategic positioning and marketing campaigns, but also help us remember that we’re all in this together.
If you like this blog, please share…and I love to read your comments too….!!!
Farnaz Wallace delivers a thought-provoking, motivational keynote about The New World Marketplace at 2012 Diversity Woman Business Leadership Conference in Washington DC on December 17, 2012. Here’s a short 3-minute clip of this speech:
We are about to redefine the culture of middle class in the US, and most people and companies are not aware. Some of us who are, ignore it or simply not happy about it. Just the word “multicultural” draws in polarized reactions. This is one of the three macro trends that I define as imperatives for business and social success in the future. And it is shaping the emerging middle class in America.
I remember the marketing days when Latinos were primarily segmented into the lower income category. But that is no longer the case, is it? According to a new Nielsen report published last month, Latino’s income growth during the past decade has significantly surpassed the nation’s average. Although 43% of Latino’s still earn below $35k/year (versus 35% total), 36% earn $35-75k (at par with 34% total) and growing at a higher rate. What may be even more surprising to most is that 10% earn $75-100k, which is a 31% growth since 2000…. and 11% over $100k per year, which is a dramatic 71% increase.
Over 52 million strong, or 1 in 6, Latino buying power of $1 trillion in 2010 will change to $1.5 trillion by 2015. You can expect Latino population and buying power to continue growing even with the decline in the immigration numbers.
Let’s put this into context… There are more Latinos in the US than Canadians in Canada, Malaysians in Malaysia, or South Africans in South Africa. Latinos in the US represent second-largest Latino nation, right after Mexico, and before Spain, Columbia and Argentina. If a standalone country, the buying power would be one of the top 20 economies in the world.
In my November blog, how to reach the fastest growing Asian market, I explained how the Asian market is over-indexing the US national average in just about every meaningful consumer category—specially in income, education and family size. With this recent study showing Latino income on the rise, we can safely say that the landscape of American middle class is rapidly changing into a multicultural mosaic. We are about to redefine the culture of middle class in America, which will in turn redefine every aspect of the pop culture, consumerism, politics, economy and business. Just think of how branding strategies will have to shift for retail, residential buying, food, education, financial services, transportation, entertainment and media.
American marketers have never relied on a broad-stroke depiction of White consumers. They should keep the same mindset when it comes to Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups. Stereotyping the Latinos or Asians in the US will not be any different than stereotyping Caucasians.
According to Census, among US children, Hispanics are already 1 in 4 of all newborns. Hispanics, Asians and multi-racial children accounted for all the US youth growth in the last decade. Think of how this will define the next generation of our country. The multi-racial children are clearly the result of inter-racial marriages. Marriage across racial and ethnic lines has doubled since 1980, with 41% of all intermarriages in 2008 between Hispanics and whites, 15% between Asians and Whites, 11% between blacks and whites, and 16% in which both parties are non-white.
Contrary to the popular belief on language barrier, Neilsen particularly notes that Latino consumers’ usage rates of smartphones, TV, online video and social networking/entertainment makes this group one of the most engaged in the digital space. During February 2012, Latinos increased their visits to social networks/blogs by 14% from a year ago. This is also true for all multicultural population as Gen Y is the most racially and ethnically diverse generation in American history. Unlike the ethnic groups in previous generations assimilating in the mainstream culture, the new and young multicultural populations take big pride in their ethnic and cultural backgrounds, and are considered acculturated.
This article is not intended to be an advertising campaign for Hispanic media and agencies. For me, it is critical to add that older, white males are just as much part of the multicultural societies as any other ethnic groups. I define Multiculturalism by a mosaic of different cultures in one platform, and a society that is ethnically and culturally diverse. That does not mean excluding Caucasians or implying ethnic minorities only.
So, how are you defining or stereotyping your multicultural initiatives?
The New World Marketplace is here….!!! I am so excited to give you the first opporunity to order your copy before the official release date. Click here and you will be directed to my publisher’s link for my page. We have made both paperback and ebook options available.
It will take another 60-90 days for my book to be released to all distribution channels, such as Amazon and Barnes & Nobles. But you can order your copy today and you will receive yours in 7-10days. I am planning pre-release parties and speaking engagements, so I may end up in your city soon. And in the months ahead, after the official release, I will be traveling all over for book signings, so you can bring your copy in for a personal, heartfelt authograph from me.
It would mean a lot to me if you can forward this to all your friends, family and collegues, and post on your facebook and twitter pages. In our new digital globe, success is defined by what friends say and “like”…..
Look forward to seeing you soon.
When you look for a new doctor these days, how many Asian doctors do you find? How many engineers, professors, venture capitalists, entrepreneurs and CEOs? Did you know South Asians generally over-index the US National Average in just about every meaningful consumer category? Are businesses ignoring the marketer’s dream come true? What are the prejudices and biases that are holding companies back from reaching this higher income, more educated, larger families and growing market?
Check out these Census facts:
- With 14.5 million Asians in the US, up 43% from the last census, Asians are the fastest growing minority group, very affluent and high educated, with household income 26% above Whites.
- Asian Americans have the highest educational attainment of any group, 49% have at least a bachelor’s degree (vs. 28% US avg). They also have the highest household income levels of any racial demographic at $65,637 (vs $38,885 US avg) with 28% exceeding $100K.
- South Asian population has doubled in the last decade. Indian population, specifically, has grown 70%. And 67% of all Indians have a bachelor’s or higher degree. Almost 40% have a master’s, doctorate or other professional degree, which is five times the national average. 1 in every 9 Indians in the US is a millionaire, comprising 10% of all US millionaires.
- South Asian households are 29% larger than the national average. And 93.6% speak English.
- Although Iran is not technically considered “Asia” by Census, I’ll include for my loyal Persian readers: 51% of Iranian-Americans have a bachelor’s or higher degree, and 1 in 4 hold Masters or PHD. An NPR report recently put the Iranian population of Beverly Hills as high as 20%. Almost 1 in 3 households have annual incomes of more than $100K (compared to 1 in 5 US Avg). According to a study carried out by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Iranian scientists and engineers in the US own or control around $880 billion.
So when you think or speak of multicultural branding or strategy, are you ignoring this fastest growing group? What marketer wouldn’t want to reach a more educated consumer with higher income and larger families without a re-deployment of marketing dollars?
The 2010 census data reported, of the 27.3 million added to US population in the last decade, only 2.3 million were Whites. While Hispanics accounted for well over half our gains, Asians made the next biggest contribution. There is an absolute decline of white population under 18, as well as somewhat smaller decline of black youths. Hispanics, Asians, and multiracial children accounted for all of the net growth of nation’s youth. And I believe the Asian numbers are under-reported through Census, since there is a big debate about race versus ethnicity.
The world “Multicultural” was intended to represent a mosaic of different cultures in one platform. But somehow it became a buzzword limited to initiatives toward Hispanics, as “Diversity” did the same with African Americans. That’s why I coined the phrase “New World Marketplace” to represent a new type of customer-influencing mainstream culture. It’s important to recognize that various multicultural values have now become part of the fabric and reality of American society.
Here are 10 easy tips to get started that will apply to all multicultural branding and positioning:
- Learn how much of your current sales volume is being generated by multicultural customers. It may be more than you think.
- Then, learn exactly what demographic groups you could and should target for your products and services. How much sales potential in each market?
- Get to know your existing and new targets. You can only do so by spending days in the life of your customers.
- It all starts with the great product, which transcends all cultural differences. Make sure you have the right product and services and you are speaking to the needs and values of the customers who are actually buying them.
- Research and research more. Not just about product attributes, but also about how your new customers want to feel and be treated as a part of the totality and oneness of the market.
- Consult with experts. I am one of so many. Learn to use the right cultural symbols to avoid offending the very people you’re trying to attract.
- Sharpen your sensitivity to cultural standards and taboos. Dig deeper into the values and beliefs and leverage on “shared” values.
- Avoid all stereotypes and clichés. Design your marketing materials to depict multicultural customers in a wide variety of roles.
- Include a multicultural budget in your 2012 budget. Link compensation to multicultural performance for the sake of profit growth.
- Be authentic, honest, respectful and consistent. Once you open the doors to build the relationship, stay the course to maintain the relationship.
It doesn’t take a visionary to know that the world is different from the way it was only a decade ago. And it will be even more different a decade from now. It’s the pace and complexity of the cultural shifts that has brought on the degree of change that is shaking up society as we see it today. Walk through any retail store or business office today, and you will see how “we” is getting trickier to define in terms of image, race, ethnicity, lifestyle and culture.
Image by definition means a representation of the external form of a person or thing – the opinion or concept of something that is held by the public. When you think of an Asian, Muslim, Hispanic or African American person or customer, what images come to mind? What type of stereotypes, biases and prejudices are holding you and your organizations back from relating and engaging cross-culturally?
When I was a CMO, I was an Iranian woman at an American company. I had tattoos and multi-colored hair. Sure, I wore my Prada suits, and dressed differently at work than at the beach or a visit to an ashram. But I projected an image that traditional business wasn’t comfortable with. And guess what? I drove five consecutive years of sales growth, something that more conventional CMOs in that role had never done. People ask me how I did it. Simple. I brought forth my passion, built a great team of multi-and-cross-cultural talent, and looked inside the multicultural target customers. I avoided all stereotypes.
The new millennium has marked a change from traditional business practices and stereotypical views of gender and ethnic roles in a society. More and more everyday, companies and agencies are aiming cross-cultural marketing towards general market. The automotive industry, as an example, has done a great job in multicultural branding. But despite dollars and efforts spent, a study showed that a multicultural customer going to a car dealer is kept waiting 27% longer. How many times does a sales person judge what the customers can spend just by looking at them? Isn’t everyone looking for value these days?
Yes, I am an evangelist for 3 major macro trends: Women, Youth and Multi-and-Cross-Cultural. But by no means do I intend to imply that it should be a woman’s world where White or older men should not be valued. I believe in an androgynous mind and a color blind society – a world where performance and ethical values meet. As Seth Godin puts it, companies we think of as ethical got that way because ethical people made it so.
Next time you are re-evaluating your Value Proposition, and conducting marketing research, don’t get lost in the pile of facts and data. Consider tapping into internal motivators and values, and communicate your marketing messages accordingly. More importantly, make sure your customer experience delivers on your brand promise. You must be willing to forsake all your past biases and prejudices to succeed in the New World Marketplace. And it is time to market and engage customers from their inside, not their outside image.
If I was born from 1982 to somewhere close to 2000, I’d be feeling pretty unique and awesome by now. Let’s look at some Gen Y characteristics that are stereotyped: idealistic and socially conscious, confident, ambitious, achievement-and-team-oriented, authenticity seekers, attention cravers, culturally liberal, virtual relationships, engage or loose me, ask and guide me, immersed in the digital world from an early age…. This is known to be a generation of self-confident optimists due to years of helicopter parenting and unconditional positive reinforcement from work-centric and goal-oriented Baby Boomer parents who over-compensated for how tough they had it.
While all that may be true, when was the last time we asked a Hispanic, African American, Asian or multiracial Gen Y if these so-called core traits apply to them? Did they have helicopter parents hover reassuringly above them? I’m not convinced that socio-economic groups other than white affluent teenagers display the same Gen Y attributes we read about. It’s not that multi-and-cross-cultural parents don’t want to treat their kids as special, but they often don’t have the social and cultural capital, the time and resources to do it.
Since the 2000 Census allowed people to select more than one racial group, Gen Ys have asserted their rights to have all their heritages respected, counted and acknowledged. 2010 Census showed 32% growth in multiracial category from 2000, and on track to grow another 25%.
I think we can look for cross-cultural commonalities and find these shared values and characteristics:
- Yes, first era of reality TV, rise of dot-com, virtual relationships
- Change is mandatory, make it meaningful
- Demand for authenticity and honesty
- Culturally liberal, color and gender neutral if it weren’t for parents influence & 9/11
- Family centric with much closer relationship with parents, unlike the “individualistic” Gen X’ers
- Delaying some rites of passage into adulthood (for more on this, click here)
- Love flexibility and work-life-balance even more than Gen X’ers
- So, yes, perceived as a bit lazy by workaholic Boomers
- Less employed than any other generation due to the economic situation starting up in
- More educated, purchasing power rivals that of the Boomers
- Leverage the digital world to connect, engage & motivate – but want it personal & real
- Freedom, equality, opportunity, inspiration & honesty are cross-cultural shared values
How do you think all this will re-define Corporate America as Baby Boomers start to retire? You’d have to be willing to make a difference to make a living. Think of Lady GaGa and her message of “be who you are”, and Black Eye Peas, a group as multi-culti as you can get. Cross-cultural messaging through commonalities works. Start now.
Everyday businesses across America open for business. Who is walking through the door has changed significantly. We’ve had a decade of rapid multicultural growth, aging whites and housing boom and bust. Is your business ready to serve the needs of the New World Marketplace customers in this transformational decade?
Here are some shocking facts recently released by 2010 census:
- Hispanics now account for more than half of the US population increase over the last decade…a new milestone: 50 million, or 1 in 6 Americans. Among US children, Hispanics are already 1 in 4 of all newborns.
- More than 9 million Americans checked more than one race category…up 32% from 2000…a sign of multiracial growth.
- Hispanics and Asians are the two fastest growing demographic groups, increasing about 42% from 2000…Asians for the first time had the largest numeric gain than African Americans.
- Multiracial Americans are on track to increase by more than 25%.
- What’s even more shocking is that most companies still define “multicultural branding” as African American marketing…or if they are a bit more progressive, African American & Latino event sponsorships with possibly a small percent of ad budget. Really? Think again!!!
Here are a few frameworks to consider:
- Re-evaluate your core target. What is “General Market” afterall?
- Consider business models that capitalizes on motivations and attitudes with multicultural dimensions.
- It is no longer about degree of acculturation and melding with the mainstream culture. It is now about influencing , shaping and defining it!!!
- Dig deeper into the values and beliefs of your new multicultural customers….how they live, love, play…what they fear, resent…why they consume what they do. This goes beyond common held assumptions found in research questionnaires.
- Choose an “emotional space” to create a meaningful relationship with your multicultural customers….choose how you’d like your multiculti customer to feel after walking into your business. It’s an outside/in mindset.
The key to the kingdom is changing hands. Multiculturalism is now the rule, not the exception. Take time to really understand your new customers, who are the potential growth that is walking in your door.